Installing Drupal Website

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Once you have met all of the requirements and gathered the information you need, you can get down to the installation. These instructions assume that you have already created your database, downloaded Drupal, and placed the extracted files on your web server:

1. Set Drupal up to create your settings for you. Within Drupal, copy sites/default/ default.settings.php to sites/default/settings.php—that is, without the default. at the beginning of the filename. You will also need to make sure that the new set tings.php file is writable, such as with the command chmod 666 or chmod a+w sites/ default/settings.php. Your web host should have more information on how to make files writable in their environment. Also see the documentation in the Drupal handbook under

Make sure that you copy the file, not simply rename it. Drupal needs both files to exist in order to create your settings file for you properly.

2. Now you can navigate to to begin the installation process.

3. The first page of the installation allows you to choose a language, as shown in Figure A-5. By default, the only language available is English. However, you may also download other translations and install Drupal in your language of choice. Chapter 8 has more information on installing and configuring multilingual sites. Go ahead and click the Install Drupal in English link.

® - The next screen will initially check for correct permissions before letting you proceed. You may need to change permissions on the " v I parent sites directory, depending on your host configuration. View the help pages referenced in the installer error messages for more details.

4. Providing all went as expected, you should see a screen asking for your database credentials, as pictured in Figure A-6.


Verify requirements

Choose language

° Install Drupal in English ° Learn how to install Drupal in other languages

Set up database

Install site

Configure site


Figure A-5. Language selection for installing Drupal

Database configuration

Basic options

To set up your Drupal database, enter the forfowrng information.

Database type:

S mysqli - pgsqi

The type of database your Dru pal d ata wi 11 be stoned I n. Database name: *

The name of the database your Drupal data will be stored fn. It must exist on your server before Drupal can be installed.

Database username: *

Database password:

& Advanced options f Save and continue"'1

Figure A-6. Database configuration during the Drupal installation

5. Remember earlier when you wrote down the details of your database connection, including username and password? Now it's time to use them. At a minimum, you need the name of the database, the database username, and the database password.

Configure site

All necessary changes to ,/sites/defau/t arid ,/sites/derault/settings.php have been made, They have been set to read-only for security.

To configure your website, piease provide the following Information, Site information

My Groovy Site

Site e-mail address: *

| [email protected]

The From address In automated e-malls sent during registration and new password requests, and other notifications, (Use an address ending In your site's domain to help prevent this e-mail being flagged as spam.)

Administrator account

The administrator account has complete access to the site; It will automatically be granted all permissions and can perform any administrative activity. This will be the only account that can perform certain activities, so keep its credentials safe.

Username: *


Spaces are allowed; punctuation is not allowed except for periods, hyphens, and underscores

E-mail address: *

[email protected]

Figure A-7. Configuring settings during the Drupal installation

If your web host requires additional information such as hostname or database port, expand the "Advanced options" fieldset to enter these options. Once you have entered all of the database information, click the "Save and continue" button.

6. The next page, as shown in Figure A-7, contains a list of initial settings that should be configured on any site.

7. First you should fill out the "Site information" fieldset. This deals with important global site settings:

Site name

This is the name that will be displayed in the title bar on all pages, as well as in the upper-left corner of all pages, by default.

Site e-mail address

All system emails will be sent from this address; for example, new user registration emails.

8. The next step is configuring the Administrator account. The Administrator account (also referred to as "User 1") is a "superuser" account that is exempt from all permission checking and has full powers to do everything on the site. You should therefore create a very strong password for this account (fortunately, Drupal will try and help you out by verifying the strength of the password as you type). Use this account sparingly, and only for administrative tasks. For day-to-day usage, create a second user account with fewer privileges.

9. The Server settings section can normally be left at the defaults selected. These options include:

Default time zone

Unless a user otherwise specifies her time zone in her account settings, all posts on the site will show up in the site time zone selected here. By default, Drupal will select the time zone of the browser during installation in an effort to guess what you'd like.

Clean URLs

Clean URLs allow you to have URLs such as rather than A test will be performed here to see whether the web server is correctly configured for Clean URLs, and if so, you will be able to enable this feature.

• Your web server does not have mod_rewrite (or an equivalent) installed.

• Your web server is not properly reading the .htaccess file that comes with Drupal.

Ask your server administrator to investigate whether one or both of these applies for you. For more information, you can read the Clean URLs section of the online handbook at http: //

Update notifications

Drupal 6 comes with a new feature to check for updates of new modules, themes, and Drupal core automatically, and will inform you when updates are available. This option (checked by default) is highly recommended, as it helps ensure that your site is up-to-date on security releases.

10. Once you have all of your settings entered, click the "Save and continue" button.

If you are having problems enabling Clean URLs, it may help to know that these are normally caused by one of the follow-mg:

11. The final screen informs you that the installation is complete and you're ready to proceed with configuring your new website. Click the "your new site" link to begin your Drupal adventure! Figure A-8 shows the initial Drupal screen when it's first installed.


My Groovy Site


Welcome to your new Drupal website!

My account

Please follow these steps to set up and start using your website:

1 Create content

1 Administer

1. Configure your website

° Log out

Once logged in, visit the administration section, where you can customize and

configure all aspects of your website,

2, Enable additional functionality

Next, visit the module list and enable features which suit your specific needs. You

can find additional modules in the Drupal modules download section.

3, Customize your website design

To change the "look and feel" of your website, visit the themes section. You may choose from one of the included themes or download additional themes from the Drupa! themes download section.

To change the "look and feel" of your website, visit the themes section. You may choose from one of the included themes or download additional themes from the Drupa! themes download section.

4, Start posting content

Finally, you can create content for your website. This message will disappear once you have promoted a post to the front page,

Figure A-8. A newly installed Drupal site

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